This 18th Century Treasure is simply
BREATHTAKING!! ..High Chancellor of Great Britain, Edward Lord
Thurlow.. We have never seen such an incredible Steel Engraving,
particularly of such a controversial Historical Figure. From 1782. !!
The information on bottom has partially faded over the past
220 + years. But what we can read is follow,: Upper bottom left: “Sir
Joshua Reynolds “ followed by a word we cannot make out, probably a title.
Lower bottom left: May 25th, 1782 by Anthony (Pogg?).” . Upper bottom
right” “F Bartolozzi, (word we cannot make out) 1782”. Bottom
lower right: “No. 4 Orchard Street Portma? Square”. The center lower
clearly reads “Edward Lord Thurlow, Lord High Chancellor of Great
Britain” with the national symbol in the middle of his name.
The details are just amazing on this steel engraving. By
far the most incredible we have ever come across! And considering it
is over 220 years old, the condition is equally amazing! Image
size is 14x19”. In a very old frame 26x21”. We would prefer to ship
WITHOUT the frame for obvious reasons of risk. See photos for
Thurlow, 1st Baron Thurlow (9
December 1731–12 September 1806) Lord Chancellor
, was born at Bracon Ash, in the
. He was the eldest son of the Rev. Thomas Thurlow. He was educated at a
private school and at the
, where he was considered a bold, refractory, clever boy.
1748 Thurlow entered
, but an act of insubordination necessitated his leaving
without a degree (1751). He was for some time articled to a solicitor in
's Inn along with the poet Cowper,
but in 1754 was called to the bar at the
, and subsequently went on the western circuit, at first with little success.
But in the case of Luke Robinson v. The Earl of Winchelsea (1758) Thurlow
came into collision with Sir Fletcher Norton, afterwards 1st Baron Grantley
(1716-1789), then the terror of solicitors and the tyrant of the bar, and put
down his arrogance with dignity and success.
From this time his practice increased rapidly. In 1761 he was made a King's
Counsel, through the influence of the Duchess of Queensberry. In 1762 he was
elected a bencher of the
. Thurlow now with some hesitation entered himself into the ranks of
the Tory party. In 1768 he became member for Tarnworth. In 1769 the
peerage case came on for hearing in the
House of Lords, and Thurlow, who had drawn the pleadings some years before,
led for the appellant in a speech of great analytic power. In 1770, as a
recognition of his defence in the previous January of the expulsion of
Wilkes, Thurlow was made
Solicitor-General on the resignation of Dunning, and in the following year,
after he had enhanced his reputation with the government by attacking the
rights of juries in cases of libel and the liberty of the press, was raised
to the Attorney-Generalship.
public life was as factious as his youth had been daring. His hatred of the
American colonists, and his imprudent assertion that as Attorney-General he
might set aside by scire facias as forfeited every charter in America;
his speech in aggravation of punishment in the case of Home Tooke, when he
argued that the prisoner ought to be pilloried, because imprisonment was no
penalty to a man of sedentary habits and a fine would be paid by seditious
subscription; and his opposition to all interference with the slave trade are
In 1778 Thurlow became Lord
Chancellor and Baron Thurlow of Ashfield, and took his seat in the
House of Lords, where he soon acquired an almost dictatorial power. He
opposed the economical and constitutional reforms proposed by Burke and
Dunning. Under Rockingham he clung to the chancellorship, while conducting
himself like a leader of the opposition. To the short-lived ministry of
Shelburne he gave consistent support. Under the coalition of Fox and
North (April to December 1783) the Great Seal was placed in commission, and
Lord Loughborough was made first commissioner. But Thurlow, acting as the
king's adviser, and in accordance with his wishes, harassed the new ministry,
and ultimately secured the rejection of Fox's India Bill. The coalition was
at once dissolved. Pitt accepted office, and Thurlow again became lord
chancellor (23 December 1783).
first he supported the government, but soon his overbearing temper asserted
itself. Imprudently relying on the friendship of the king, and actuated by
scarcely disguised enmity to Pitt, Thurlow passed rapidly from occasional
acts of hostility to secret disaffection, and finally to open revolt. He
delivered himself strongly against a bill, introduced without his privity,
for the restoration to the heirs of attainted owners of estates forfeited in
rebellion of 1745. Partly to please the king and queen, partly from dislike
to Burke, and partly perhaps from a real belief in the groundlessness of the
accusation, he supported Warren Hastings on every occasion with indecorous
violence. His negotiations with the Whigs during the discussion of the
Regency Bill (1788-19 February 1789) were designed to secure his seat on the
woolsack in the event of Fox being called to power. The climax was reached in
1792, when he attacked Pitt's bill to establish a sinking fund for the
redemption of the national debt, not on account of the economic objections to
which it was liable, but on the trivial ground that it was an
unconstitutional attempt to bind further parliaments. The bill was carried,
but only by a narrow majority, and Pitt, feeling that co-operation with such
a colleague was impossible, insisted successfully on his dismissal (15 June
The ex-chancellor, who had a few days before been created Baron Thurlow of
Thurlow, with remainder to his brothers and their male descendants, now
retired into private life, and, with the exception of a futile intrigue,
under the auspices of the Prince of Wales, for the formation of a ministry
from which Pitt and Fox should be excluded, and in which the Earl of Moira
should be premier and Thurlow chancellor (1797), finally abandoned hope of
office. In 1795 he opposed the Treason and Sedition bills without success. In
1801 he spoke on behalf of Home Tooke, now his friend, when a bill was
introduced to render a priest in orders ineligible for a seat in the House of
Commons. His last recorded appearance in the House of Lords was in 1802. He
now spent his time between his villa at Dulwich and various seaside resorts.
He died at Brighton on 12 September 1806, and was buried in the
church. Thurlow was never married, but left three natural daughters, for whom
he made a handsome provision. The title descended to his nephew, son of the
Bishop of Durham.
Lord Thurlow was a master of a coarse caustic wit, which habitually in his
private and too frequently in his public life displayed itself in profanity.
He was a good classical scholar and made occasional translations in verse
from Homer and Euripides. His judicial and his ecclesiastical patronage were
wisely exercised; he was the patron of Dr
Johnson and of Crabbe,
and was the first to detect the great legal merits of Eldon.
Thurlow's personal appearance was striking. His dark complexion, harsh but
regular features, severe and dignified demeanor, piercing black eyes and
bushy eyebrows, doubtless contributed to his professional and political
eminence and provoked the sarcasm of Fox that he looked wiser than any man
ever was. Yet he was far from being an impostor. By intense though irregular
application he had acquired a wide if not a profound knowledge of law.
Clear-headed, self-confident and fluent, able at once to reason temperately
and to assert strongly, capable of grasping, rapidly assimilating, and
forcibly reproducing minute and complicated details, he possessed all the
qualities which command success. His speeches in the trial of the Duchess of
Kingston for bigamy are vigorous and effective, while his famous opening in
the Douglas peerage case and his argument for the Crown in Campbell v. Hall
show that he might have rendered high service to the judicial literature of
his country had he relied more upon his own industry and less upon the
learning of Hargrave and Kenyon.
$350 Unframed ($400 framed, $15 extra for shipping).